Cell Cycle Stage Classification Using Phase Imaging with Computational Specificity; ACS Photonics
Traditional methods for cell cycle stage classification rely heavily on fluorescence microscopy to monitor nuclear dynamics. These methods inevitably face the typical phototoxicity and photobleaching limitations of fluorescence imaging. Here, we present a cell cycle detection workflow using the principle of phase imaging with computational specificity (PICS). The proposed method uses neural networks to extract cell cycle-dependent features from quantitative phase imaging (QPI) measurements directly. Our results indicate that this approach attains very good accuracy in classifying live cells into G1, S, and G2/M stages, respectively. We also demonstrate that the proposed method can be applied to study single-cell dynamics within the cell cycle as well as cell population distribution across different stages of the cell cycle. We envision that the proposed method can become a nondestructive tool to analyze cell cycle progression in fields ranging from cell biology to biopharma applications.